Why Did England Give Up India?

How was India treated under British rule?

The debate about British rule in India Admirers of British rule counter this by saying that most Indians were poor and oppressed by their own leaders before the British arrived, and that British rule was less harsh on ordinary Indians than rule by Indian princes..

Was India rich before British rule?

From 1850 to 1947 India’s GDP in 1990 international dollars grew from $125.7 billion to $213.7 billion, a 70% increase or an average annual growth rate of 0.55%. This was a higher rate of growth than during the Mughal era from 1600 to 1700 where it had grown by 22%, an annual growth rate of 0.20%.

Who ruled India before British?

OrganisationPortuguese India (1505–1961)East India Company1612–1757Company rule in India1757–1858British Raj1858–1947British rule in Burma1824–194811 more rows

What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?

Disadvantages of British Rule_Incomes declined by 50%Enforced India manufacturing out of business.Industry disappeared because of British trade laws.Farmers and villages could not feed themselves because they were forced to produce cash crops.British racist attitudes hurt Indian culture.Their racism caused the Indians to rebel against the British.

Was India the richest country?

India has figured among the top 10 wealthiest countries in the world with a total individual wealth of $5,600 billion while the United States topped the chart.

Why was India so important to the British?

India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire. As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. Soldiering was an honourable tradition in India and the British capitalised on this. They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power.

Why did the British want India?

Britain came to India in 1858 for their profitable resources that the British Empire wanted to make theirs. Leaving in 1947 just to leave before a civil war broke out and leaving India in terrible shape taking and using whatever resources they wanted in their rule in India.

Was India a country before British rule?

No, there was no country called India or there was no sense of a united nation before British rule. People refusing to accept this shows example of different ancient dynasties. … There is a difference between country and dynasty.

Who found India?

Vasco da GamaPortuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

Which was the richest country in 1700?

India had the strongest economy in 1700, closely followed by China. Throughout the entire period to the middle of the 20th century, China’s economy was larger than India’s by a relatively small margin.

Why did British decide to leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Why was India unhappy with British rule?

Indians were unhappy during british rule because indians were not allowed to make their choices n had to pay taxes for their own grown things such as rice.